Learn About Prostate Cancer
HOW PREVENTABLE IS PROSTATE CANCER?
Though many risk factors for prostate cancer lie outside of our control (see below), there is strong and consistent evidence that staying at a healthy weight lowers risk for advanced and aggressive prostate cancer. AICR estimates that approximately 1 in 10 cases (eleven percent) of these prostate cancers is related to carrying excess body fat.
This means that nearly 2,600 cases of advanced prostate cancer could be prevented every year.
WHAT ARE PROSTATE CANCER'S
MAJOR RISK FACTORS?
|Age: The older you are, the greater your risk. The overwhelming majority (97%) of prostate cancers occur in men 50 and older.||
Ethnicity: Prostate cancer is most common in North America and northern Europe. African-American men have the highest prostate cancer incidence rates in the world.
|Family History: The National Cancer Institute estimates that between 5 and 10 percent of prostate cancers are the result of a strong genetic predisposition.||
Obesity: The Continuous Update Project has concluded that being overweight or obese increases a man's risk for advanced prostate cancer.
HOW COMMON IS PROSTATE CANCER?
Approximately 220,800 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the U.S. every year. Of these, an estimated 28,700 are advanced or aggressive forms of the disease. The disease claims almost 27,500 U.S. lives annually.
Focus on the Risk Factors You Control
Today, over 90 percent of prostate cancers are diagnosed at an early stage. Earlier detection, combined with more effective treatment, has made prostate cancer more survivable than ever.
Two screenings for prostate cancer are the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal examination (DRE).
These tests can diagnose both the aggressive, advanced stages of prostate cancer and cancer that is so slow-growing it may not require treatment. Some experts advise against routine screenings to avoid “overtreatment” of cancers that are not life-threatening.
Be sure to discuss your screening options with your doctor.
Get To a Healthy Weight
A healthy overall lifestyle that includes regular physical activity and healthy plant-based foods will help you get to, and stay at, a healthy weight, which not only lowers risk for advanced prostate cancer, but eight other cancers as well.
What the Research Shows
Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Cancer Of The Prostate*
Strength of Current Evidence
|PROBABLE Effect on Risk||Body Fatness
Adult Attained Height
|NO SUBSTANTIAL Effect on Risk: Beta-carotene|
*Source: CUP Report: Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective
What’s the Link?
Excess Body Fat RAISES Prostate Cancer Risk
- Being overweight and obese increases blood levels of insulin and related hormones that can encourage the growth of cancer.
- Excess fat also creates a pro-inflammatory environment in the body that can contribute to the growth of cancer.
Adult Attained Height RAISES Prostate Cancer Risk
- Many interrelated hormonal factors influence how tall a person grows; some of these factors also influence cancer risk.
- It's not tallness itself that increases risk, but the network of factors that contribute to tallness.
Beta-carotene Has No Substantial Effect on Prostate Cancer Risk
- The AICR/WCRF expert report concluded there is strong and consistent evidence that beta-carotene in food or in supplement form is neither harmful nor beneficial in regard to prostate cancer.
LOOK FORWARD WITH HOPE
Today your chances of recovering from prostate cancer and returning to a full and active life have never been better.
Over the past 25 years, the 5-year survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer combined has increased from 68% to nearly 100%.
Throughout your treatment you will face many everyday questions. And because there is evidence that obesity increases prostate cancer mortality, maintaining a healthy weight once treatment is over will be more important than ever.
AICR can help.
AICR’s CancerResource: A Program for Those Living with Cancer is a free kit of information specifically for the newly diagnosed cancer patient.
See below for selections from AICR's CancerResource. Or read the complete CancerResource flipping book online.
- Questions to Ask Your Oncologist About Your Treatment Worksheet
- Questions to Ask About Nutrition During Treatment
- Evidence-based advice on managing nutrition-related side effects of treatment
- Staying active during treatment
- AICR’s Recommendations for Cancer Prevention
- Healthy or Harmful? Frequently Asked Questions about Life After Cancer
More AICR Materials for Prostate Cancer Survivors
In-depth brochures on cancer survivorship; read online or order a free copy.
Join the Fight Against Prostate Cancer
Nearly 233,000 new cases of prostate cancer occur annually but few Americans realize that making simple, everyday lifestyle changes could prevent over 1 in 10 of the most aggressive, deadly cases.
Your gift will help fund emerging research on prostate cancer and other cancers and improve the quality of health for prostate cancer patients and survivors.
Make a gift in honor of a loved one. Your gift will help fund research and survivorship programs for those with prostate cancer and other cancers for years to come.
Make a gift in memory of a loved one. Your gift will help fund research and survivorship programs for those with prostate cancer and other cancers for years to come.
Do You Have a Question? Ask the Expert!
We’ve compiled a list of some of the most common questions we receive in our FAQ below. Have a question about diet and food and cancer prevention? Ask your question using this form. We will post some of the answers to the questions we receive that have the most benefit to the most people.