When you include the American Institute for Cancer Research in your estate plans, you make a major difference in the fight against cancer.

Corporate Champions who partner with the American Institute for Cancer Research stand at the forefront of the fight against cancer

40 Years of Progress: Transforming Cancer. Saving Lives.

The AICR Lifestyle & Cancer Symposium addresses the most current and consequential issues regarding diet, obesity, physical activity and cancer.

The Annual AICR Research Conference is the most authoritative source for information on diet, obesity, physical activity and cancer.

Cancer Update Program – unifying research on nutrition, physical activity and cancer.

ResourcesNav New164

Whether you are a healthcare provider, a researcher, or just someone who wants to learn more about cancer prevention, we’re here to help.

Read real-life accounts of how AICR is changing lives through cancer prevention and survivorship.

We bring a detailed policy framework to our advocacy efforts, and provide lawmakers with the scientific evidence they need to achieve our objectives.

AICR champions research that increases understanding of the relationship between nutrition, lifestyle, and cancer.

Are you ready to make a difference? Join our team and help us advance research, improve cancer education and provide lifesaving resources.

AICR’s resources can help you navigate questions about nutrition and lifestyle, and empower you to advocate for your health.

March 10, 2015 | 3 minute read

Study: Eating Vegetarian ( Fish) Lowers Colorectal Cancer Risk

A new study that adds to the evidence on diet and colorectal cancer suggests that vegetarians have a lower risk of this cancer than non-vegetarians, with fish-eaters — pescovegetarians — showing the lowest risk of the non-meat eating groups. Delicious portion of fresh salmon fillet with aromatic herbs,

The study was published yesterday in JAMA Internal Medicine and it will be a part of AICR/WCRF’s ongoing collection of the worldwide research. The latest AICR/WCRF report on colorectal cancer concluded that diets high in red meat increase the risk of colorectal cancer.

The study collected the eating and other lifestyle habits of almost 78,000 Seventh-Day Adventists, a group that traditionally advocates vegetarian and healthy eating. Researchers categorized the group into those who ate meat regularly and four vegetarian patterns: 1) ate fish regularly; 2) ate milk and eggs regularly 3) ate small amounts of meats and fish; and 4) ate no meats, dairy or any animal food (vegans).

Overall, vegetarians had lower BMI, ate less fat, red meat, and processed meat, and ate more fiber.

Slightly more than half the study population was categorized as vegetarians. Over 7 years, there were 490 cases of colorectal cancer.

All vegetarians combined had approximately 20 percent lower risk than non-vegetarians. This is after accounting for other risk factors, such as age, BMI, drinking alcohol and exercise habits. Pescotarians showed the most benefit, with no extra reduced risk for vegans.

Study limitations the authors note include relatively few years of follow-up and participants only reporting their dietary habits at the start.

Although eating less meat may be a primary reason for the reduced risk seen in vegetarians, eating more plant foods might also play a role, conclude the authors. Even the non-vegetarians in this population were eating less meat than the average American, they write.

This study adds to a body of research that overall shows poultry and small amounts of red meat do not increase colorectal cancer risk. Back in 2009, for example, a large population study in Britain found that being vegetarian did not decrease colorectal cancer risk.

AICR/WCRF’s analysis of the global research concludes that colorectal cancer risk decreases with physical activity, foods containing fiber, and diets high in garlic and calcium; risk increases with overweight and obesity, alcohol, processed meats, and high amounts of red meat. AICR estimates that half of colorectal cancers are preventable through changes in diet, weight, and physical activity.colorectal-prevention-chart

Read Learn about Colorectal Cancer for the current findings on reducing risk.

The study was funded by the National Cancer Institute and World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)

One comment on “Study: Eating Vegetarian (+Fish) Lowers Colorectal Cancer Risk

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More From the Blog