- Greater glycemic load in the diet increases the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Consuming high-dose beta-carotene supplements increases the risk of lung cancer (in people who smoke or used to smoke tobacco).
- Consuming beta-carotene in foods or supplements is unlikely to have substantial effect on the risk of prostate cancer.
- Consuming beta-carotene in supplements is unlikely to have substantial effect on the risk of skin cancer (non-melanoma).
- Consuming calcium supplements decreases the risk of colorectal cancer.