- Drinking three or more alcoholic drinks per day increases the risk of this cancer.
- Consuming foods preserved by salting increases the risk. Research mainly relates to salt-preserved foods, such as pickled vegetables and salted fish, as traditionally prepared in East Asia.
- Regular intake of processed meat increases the risk of stomach non-cardia cancer.
- Excess body fat increases the risk of stomach cardia cancer.
*Only cardia stomach cancer is associated with obesity
**Only non-cardia stomach cancer is associated with processed meat