When you include the American Institute for Cancer Research in your estate plans, you make a major difference in the fight against cancer.

Corporate Champions who partner with the American Institute for Cancer Research stand at the forefront of the fight against cancer

The Annual AICR Research Conference is the most authoritative source for information on diet, obesity, physical activity and cancer.

The Continuous Update Project (CUP) is an ongoing program that analyzes global research on how diet, nutrition and physical activity affect cancer risk and survival.

A major milestone in cancer research, the Third Expert Report analyzes and synthesizes the evidence gathered in CUP reports and serves as a vital resource for anyone interested in preventing cancer.

AICR has pushed research to new heights, and has helped thousands of communities better understand the intersection of lifestyle, nutrition, and cancer.

Read real-life accounts of how AICR is changing lives through cancer prevention and survivorship.

We bring a detailed policy framework to our advocacy efforts, and provide lawmakers with the scientific evidence they need to achieve our objectives.

AICR champions research that increases understanding of the relationship between nutrition, lifestyle, and cancer.

AICR’s resources can help you navigate questions about nutrition and lifestyle, and empower you to advocate for your health.

AICR is committed to putting what we know about cancer prevention into action. To help you live healthier, we’ve taken the latest research and made 10 Cancer Prevention Recommendations.

June 1, 2016 | 3 minute read

Walkable Neighborhoods linked to less obesity, diabetes

Rich or poor, people living in city neighborhoods with sidewalks and other easy-walking features have lower rates of obesity and diabetes during a 12-year period compared to those living in less walkable areas, finds a recent study. The study was published in JAMA.

With walking the most common type of activity, experts are increasingly looking into how people’s environment can play a role in increasing their physical activity. That, in turn, could improve overall health and help people stay a healthy weight, an important factor in reducing cancer risk.  

Study researchers analyzed health survey data among adults ages 30 to 64 living in 8,777 neighborhoods in Ontario, Canada. The data was both annual and biannual, from 2001 to 2012.  Then researchers matched the health information of residents to neighborhoods based on postal code.

Each neighborhood was scored for walkability based on four equally-weighted components: population density; residential density; walkable destinations, such as retail stores, libraries, banks and schools; and the number of intersections with at least 3 converging roads or pathway. Neighborhoods were scored on a scale of 0 to 100 then separated into five sections, from lowest to highest.

From 2001 to 2012 overweight and obesity increased in neighborhoods with the three lowest scores of walkability but did not increase among the top two walkable neighborhoods. This was after taking into account poverty, education, and unemployment and other factors that play a role. Diabetes incidence was lowest in the most walkable neighborhoods throughout the years studied and decreased in these same neighborhoods.

At each time point, rates of walking or cycling was higher in the more walkable neighborhoods.

The rates of overweight/obesity and of diabetes incidence over time is calculated by area, not by following specific individuals or group of people. This study does not show directly that people’s health changes as neighborhoods change. The study also did not take into account pedestrian safety, crime and other environmental factors. As the authors state, further research is needed.

The study was funded through an open operating grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES), which is funded by an annual grant from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Andrew G. Rundle, DrPH; Steven B. Heymsfield, MD. Can Walkable Urban Design Play a Role in Reducing the Incidence of Obesity-Related Conditions? Editorial | May 24/31, 2016  JAMA. 2016;315(20):2175-2177. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5635

Creatore MI, Glazier RH, Moineddin R, et al. Association of Neighborhood Walkability With Change in Overweight, Obesity, and Diabetes. JAMA. 2016;315(20):2211-2220. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5898.

More News & Updates