Learn More About Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. More cases of endometrial cancer occur each year than ovarian and cervical cancers combined.
AICR’S latest report on endometrial cancer found that exercising regularly, drinking coffee, and maintaining a healthy weight can lower your risk. Eating a high-glycemic diet and carrying extra body fat were all linked to a higher risk.
Lifestyle and Endometrial Cancer Risk
Weight: As you gain body fat, your risk increases.
- Being overweight and obese increases blood levels of insulin and related hormones that can encourage the growth of cancer.
- Excess fat also creates a pro-inflammatory environment in the body that can contribute to the growth of cancer.
Physical Activity: Regular physical activity protects against endometrial cancer, but a sedentary lifestyle increases your risk.
Age: Most cases are diagnosed in women over 60.
Diet: If your diet revolves around foods high in refined carbohydrates and sugary drinks (high glycemic load), you’re at a higher risk for endometrial cancer.
- Glycemic load is a measure of how much a food increases your blood sugar.
- A diet high in glycemic load can lead to high blood sugar, which can increase insulin levels. Over time, high insulin levels make it easier for cancer cells to grow.
Coffee: Drinking coffee – both decaffeinated and caffeinated reduces risk.
- In laboratory studies some coffee components, including chlorogenic acid, have displayed strong antioxidant properties that may prevent DNA damage, improve insulin sensitivity and inhibit glucose absorption in the intestine, all of which may reduce risk.