The Policy Report: Policy and Preventability
Making it Easier to Make Healthy Choices
AICR asked the expert panel behind the 2007 Expert Report – and its 10 Recommendations for Cancer Prevention – to lend their in-depth understanding of the science of cancer prevention to the development of a report on cancer prevention policy. They were joined in that task by leading policy experts specializing in the fields of physical activity, economics, and the psychology of health behaviors.
Evidence for the policy report came partly from two systematic literature reviews that investigated two specific questions:
- What factors shape the patterns of behavior that affect cancer risk (namely diet, physical activity and body fatness)? and
- Around the world, what effects have specific interventions had on those patterns of behavior?
How Much – and What Kind – of Cancers are Preventable?
The policy report also sought to determine how much cancer could be prevented through diet, physical activity and weight management.
These estimates were based on the 2007 expert report findings and its continuous updates about how different patterns of diet, physical activity and weight affect risk of cancer.
For estimates of the percentage of preventable cancers, visit Estimating Preventability.
Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention
In February 2009, AICR and WCRF released the report Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention, which includes the above preventability figures and the panel’s 48 policy recommendations for government, schools, industry, health professionals and others.