Weighing the Evidence

The evidence is clear: Everyday choices impact our chances of getting cancer. Some choices increase cancer risk; many help to reduce it.

There are no guarantees, but decades of research have shown that individuals can take steps to protect against cancer.

An AICR Expert Panel prepared a comprehensive global report that looked at thousands of studies involving many things potentially linked to cancer risk. Our Continuous Update Project continues to update the research. The panel judges the strength of the evidence linking different aspects of diet , activity level and body weight to risk of specific cancer types.

What the Panel’s Judgments Mean

Convincing
strong, consistent and unlikely to change in the future

Probable
compelling but not quite strong or consistent enough to be "convincing"

Limited Evidence – Suggestive
too limited for a grade of "probable", but a general consistency in the data

Limited Evidence – No Conclusion
too inconsistent or insufficient for a definitive grade

Substantial Effect on Risk Unlikely
enough evidence to rule out a connection

In November 2007, AICR and the World Cancer Research Fund published Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective, the most comprehensive report on diet and cancer ever completed.

The Report took six years to produce, and the process was transparent, objective and comprehensive. First, the global scientific literature was searched for relevant studies. Initial searches found some half a million studies, which were soon culled to 22,000. Ultimately, over 7,000 scientific studies were deemed relevant and met the report’s rigorous criteria.

These studies were independently reviewed, compiled and presented to an Expert Panelexternal site of  21 world-renowned scientists, who judged the accumulated evidence and developed 10 Recommendations for Cancer Prevention.

For much more information, visit the Expert Report’s website http://www.dietandcancerreport.org/.external site

Links

Infographic | Recommendations| CUP Papers | Cancer Reports