Preventability for body fatness

The analyses of research in the Continuous Update Project reports identify excess weight as a major independent risk factor for cancer. This separate analysis includes cancers where there is strong evidence that excess weight increases cancer risk. 

Estimated Cases of US Cancers Preventable per Year by Staying Lean

Cancer Type % link to excess
body fat: MEN
% link to excess
body fat: WOMEN
Cases Prevented Annually
Breast (postmenopausal) 13%  32,852
Colorectal 17% 15% 21,743
Endometrial 50% 30,690
Esophageal (adenocarcinoma) 25% 12% 3,800
Gallbladder 11% 28% 2,383
Kidney 20% 28% 14,668
Liver 27% 28% 11,107
Ovarian 5% 1,122
Pancreatic 17% 20% 9,895
Prostate (advanced) 11% 2,600
Stomach (cardia) 9% 7% 2,315
TOTAL 21% 21%  
TOTAL PREVENTABLE     132,852

Methods

Preventability estimates are important to help policy-makers assess the impact of different approaches to reduce cancer risk.

AICR/WCRF preventability estimates are calculated using information on:

  • Cancer risk associated with body fatness
  • Prevalence of overweight and obesity
  • US incidence of different cancers

The methods used to calculate the estimates can be found in Appendix A of the Policy Report.

These preventability figures are estimates; they are not precise values. They are likely underestimates, as only those cancers judged to have convincing or probable links to lifestyle factors are included.