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Global Network

Research You May Have Missed this Summer

Veg Drawings With Blotinsect?)With the summer coming to a close, here’s a recap of the research in cancer risk and survivorship you may have missed over the past several months. Highlighted studies include:

1. Is eating organic food better for reducing cancer risk?

There has been relatively little research on organic food and cancer risk, with no clear conclusions except one: eating a diet that is mainly from plants – whether they are organic or conventional – reduces the risk of cancer.

A recent analysis, published in the British Journal of Nutrition, now adds to the research in this field. The analysis looked at how organic foods and conventional plant foods compared in vitamins, minerals and groups of phytochemicals that have shown antioxidant — and cancer-protective — activity in lab studies. The researchers also compared levels of pesticide compounds.

Read more about the research on our blog.

2. Childhood Cancer Survivors and AICR Recommendation

Earlier this month a study published in Cancer found that that adult survivors of childhood cancers who most followed AICR Recommendations for Cancer Prevention cut their risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors that raises the risk for heart disease and other health problems. 

This study strengthens the evidence that a healthy lifestyle is important for the long-term health of childhood cancer survivors, who face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other chronic health conditions.

Read more about the study.

See through body with pancreas in situ highlighted.3. Long-lasting Pancreatic Cancer Risk after Diabetes

Previous research has found that people with type 2 diabetes are at approximately two-fold increased risk for developing pancreatic cancer (along with several other cancers). A new analysis suggests that some level of increased risk may persist for more than two decades after diabetes diagnosis. The study was published in the Annals of Oncology.

The longer people lived with diabetes, the lower their risk of pancreatic cancer. But at 15 to 20 years after diagnosis there was 50 percent increased risk. And 20 years and more after their diagnosis, there remained a 30 percent increased risk of pancreatic cancer.

Read more about the study.

4. Eating Slower May Help People Eat Less

For those looking to cut calories without being hungry, a new review of the research suggests that eating that meal a little slower may help. The study was published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Researchers found 22 studies that each manipulated how fast people ate, then measured how much they ate. Most of the studies randomly assigned people to an eating-rate group. Overall, those eating faster ate more than those eating slower. And up to three and a half hours after the meal, there was no difference in hunger between those eating speedy or slow.

Read more about the study.

5. Steep Rise in Global Obesity

A major new global report published in The Lancet found that the numbers of overweight and obese people around the world have increased dramatically since 1980. The increase has occurred in both developing and developed countries and among all age groups, with the United States accounting for 13 percent of the world’s obesity.

The findings bode ill for cancer prevention: aside from smoking, obesity is the single largest risk factor for cancer. AICR estimates that obesity is a cause of eight cancers, including postmenopausal breast, colorectal and ovarian. Obesity also plays a major role in other chronic disease, such as type 2 diabetes, which also links to increased cancer risk.

Read more about the report.

6. Behavior Changes Can Prevent Leading Causes of Death 

The figure shows the annual number of deaths observed and potentially preventable for the five leading cause of death for persons aged <80 years in the United States during 2008-2010. The proportion of potentially preventable deaths among observed deaths for each of the five causes of death were 34% for diseases of the heart, 21% for cancer, 39% for chronic lower respiratory diseases, 33% for cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), and 39% for unintentional injuries.Eating healthy, exercising and being a healthy weight are among the behavior changes Americans can make to cut 20 to 40 percent of the five leading causes of US deaths, including cancer, according to a recent report from the Centers from Disease Control and Prevention. For cancer, not smoking or drinking alcohol also play a key role in preventing deaths.

According to the report, the five leading causes of death in the United States are heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases, stroke, and unintentional injuries. The report highlights how the same factors that reduce the risk of cancer also reduce the risk of other diseases.

Read more about the report.

7. Diet Soda and Weight Loss

In a short but controlled trial of beverages and weight loss, diet soda linked to slightly greater loss compared to other beverages, according to a study published in the journal Obesity.

The study adds to the limited, but growing body of human research on diet beverages. AICR recommends avoiding sugary sodas and drinks as they link to weight gain, overweight and obesity and obesity increases the risk of eight cancers.

Read more about the study.


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Ann Wrenshall Worley

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